A Gazetteer of Dulwich Roads and Place Names
Compiled by Patrick Darby for the Dulwich Society, with assistance from fellow members of the Society's History Sub-Committee, especially Mary Boast and Brian Green.
Cover Map redrawn by Patrick Darby from an original Map dated 1906.
This booklet is restricted, for reasons of space, to those roads and place-names falling within the old boundary of the Dulwich Estate. Our apologies, therefore, to those who live outside that boundary but can nevertheless justifiably claim to consider themselves Dulwich residents.
ACACIA GROVE, S.E.21
Built and so-named in 1866. A supposedly Masonic association (suggested in 'Camberwell Place and Street Names and their Origin', Camberwell Borough Council, 1964) is rather tenuous, and there is no convincing explanation for the name, except as the epitome of suburbia.
ALLEYN CRESCENT, S.E.21 see ALLEYN PARK
ALLEYN PARK, S.E.21
So-named (like ALLEYN CRESCENT and ALLEYN ROAD) in 1877 after Edward Alleyn, actor-manager, lord of the manor of Dulwich from 1606 to 1626, and Founder of Dulwich College in 1619.
ALLEYN ROAD, S.E.21 see ALLEYN PARK
ALLISON GROVE, S.E.21
The house and estate later comprising Allison Grove was ancient copyhold. In 1795 it was conveyed to Caleb Marshall. After his daughter Allison Allen Marshall (later Mrs Castondeick) died in 1859, the property was enfranchised by her heir T. W. Parker, who named the development Allison Grove, after his benefactress, in 1868. 'Allison Towers' stood on the corner with Dulwich Common until the early 1960s. The house of the Joyce family (the most well-known, indeed notorious, member of which was William Joyce, alias 'Lord Haw-Haw', Nazi propagandist), in Allison Grove, was ironically the first in Dulwich to be bombed during the 1940 Blitz.
ARDBEG ROAD, S.E.24
Named after a village in Argyll in 1891.
ARNHEM WAY, S.E.22
One of the Dutch-derived names of developments on either side of East Dulwich Grove, so named in honour of the 'friendship link' between the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell and Deventer, in the Netherlands. The other roads in the development are:
KEMPIS WAY, named after Thomas à Kempis, the 15th century religious writer, who studied at Deventer;
STEEN WAY, named after the 17th century artist, Jan Steen;
TERBORCH WAY, named after another 17th century artist, Gerard Terborch, who lived in Deventer.
ARNOULD AVENUE, S.E.5
One of a group of roads on the Champion Hill Estate, named (in 1952) after friends or acquaintances of the Camberwell-born poet Robert Browning (1812-1889), although oddly not including one named after Browning himself. The group comprises:
ARNOULD AVENUE, after Sir Joseph Arnould, a barrister, author and judge, born in Camberwell in 1815;
DOMETT CLOSE, after Alfred Domett, later Prime Mini- ster of New Zealand;
DOWSON CLOSE, after Chris Dowson;
MONCLAR ROAD, after Count Amédée de Ripert-Monclar;
WANLEY ROAD, after Nathaniel Wanley.
ATTLEBOROUGH COURT, S.E.21
One of three blocks of flats on the Sydenham Hill Estate named (between 1950 and 1960) after particular Abbots (or Priors) of Bermondsey Abbey (or Priory), lord of the manor of Dulwich from 1127 to the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1538. They comprise:
ATTLEBOROUGH COURT, after John Attleborough (fl. 1399);
BROMLEIGH COURT, after John Bromleigh (fl. 1432);
DUNTON COURT, after Richard Dunton or Denton (fl. 1381).
AYSGARTH ROAD, S.E.21
Between Pickwick Road and Boxall Road. Named in 1896 after a Yorkshire estate briefly owned by Edward Alleyn.
BAIRD GARDENS, S.E.21
Formerly the site of Thornhill House. John Logie Baird, the television pioneer, lived for a time at 3 Crescent Wood Road, and carried out many of his experiments at his laboratory at the Crystal Palace.
BARCLAY WAY, S.E.22
The various access roads on the Council-built development at the junction of Dulwich Common and Lordship Lane have been given names (although they do not appear on the map-board posted in Lordship Lane). They comprise:
BEW COURT: the present site of the Grove Tavern was formerly, in the 19th century, known as Bew's Corner, after Old Mother Bew who ran a tea-shop there. It was still known as such in 1905, and the name has now been confirmed more or less on the same spot;
The various blocks of flats which form this estate take their names from the poet Byron (who spent two years at Dr Glennie's Academy on the site of the nearby Grove Tavern) and several of his contemporaries.
BARKER WAY, S.E.22 See BARCLAY WAY
BASINGDON WAY, S.E.5
Named in 1949 after a prominent 16th century Camberwell family. One of a number of names probably picked at random from W.H. Blanch's 'Ye Parish of Camerwell' (publ. 1875), at a time of redevelopment when many 'new' names were needed.
BEAUVAL ROAD, S.E.22
Named in 1894 after the de Cherries (or Cherry) family of Camberwell, whose ancestors were lords of the manor of Beauval Liguiere in the early 17th century.
BEECHWOOD COURT, S.E.19
Between Fountain Drive and Crystal Palace Parade.
BELL MEADOW, S.E.19
Named after Bell Meadows, which were three fields (6 acres in all, one of them called the Bell Field) at the back of 'The Bell' Inn in Dulwich Village (first mentioned in 1690, and on the site of the Old College entrance to Dulwich Park).
BEW COURT, S.E.22 See BARCLAY WAY
First mentioned in 1400. The Court Rolls refer to the flooded foot- path to the church [i.e. of St Giles, Camberwell] between Myddelfeld & Blaunchysdoune in 1435. Blanchedowne also adjoined Adding- tons Mead, and lay in north Dulwich, not far from where its namesake road (named in 1949) is now to be found.
BOWEN DRIVE, S.E.21
Part of the Kingswood Estate, and so named in 1950. Charles Synge Christopher Bowen, later Baron Bowen of Hollymount, was appointed a Governor of Dulwich College in 1872. He became a Law Lord in 1893, and died the following year.
BOWLEY CLOSE, S.E.19
One of four access roads on the site of Crystal Palace High Level Station. Derivations unknown (although those of the latter two may reasonably be guessed at). The four comprise:
BOXALL ROAD, S.E.21
Formerly Boxall's Row. In about 1773 John Shaw (Wheelwright) and William Levens (Builder) built six brick houses at the eastern end (starting with a Wheelwright's shop) of what became Boxall Row, for Robert Boxall, lessee of 'The Greyhound' Inn. The road was gradually extended westward, to link up with Turney Road in the late 1870s.
Presumably named after Nicholas Breakspear (c. 1115-1159), who as Adrian IV was the only English Pope, but who had no known connection with Dulwich. A development off College Road, just north of Sydenham Hill Station.
BROMLEIGH COURT, S.E.22 see ATTLEBOROUGH COURT
BURBAGE ROAD, S.E.21
Named after the Elizabethan actor, and near contemporary (and per- haps rival) of Edward Alleyn, Richard Burbage, who died in 1619.
The BURIAL GROUND, S.E.21
A small triangular piece at the north end of what had been Carter's Garden, laid out for a burial ground by Edward Alleyn in 1616. Enlarged, apparently for the second time, in 1821. In 1857 it was ordered that burials were to be discontinued after 10th October of that year, except for family vaults etc.
BURNTWOOD VIEW, S.E.19 see BOWLEY CLOSE
CALTON AVENUE, S.E.21
Previously Calton Road. The Calton family were owners of Dulwich Manor between 1544 and 1606. Thomas Calton bought it from intermediaries of Henry VIII's, and his grandson Sir Francis Calton sold it to Edward Alleyn.
CARVER ROAD, S.E.24
In 1858 Canon Alfred Carver was appointed Master of Dulwich College, and almost single-handedly transformed the College into one of the country's leading schools. Under him it moved, in 1871, from the old College in Dulwich Village to the present buildings in College Road.
CASINO AVENUE, S.E.24
Named after 'Casino' (also spelt 'Casina', or even 'Cassina'), the house built in 1800 by Richard Shawe, Warren Hastings' leading Counsel at his impeachment and trial from 1790 to 1797. The mansion. which was demolished in 1906, had a large estate attached, including the lake (now reduced in size) in Sunray Gardens.
CEDAR CLOSE, S.E.21
Off Thurlow Park Road. Derivation unknown.
CHAMPION HILL, S.E.5
Named after the 18th century Camberwell family of de Crespigny, of Huguenot origin, which included Sir Claude Champion de Crespigny, whose estate was nearby. In 1806 boundary stones (still in situ) were ordered to be placed near Champion Hill, to show which part of that road was College property.
CHURCH APPROACH, S.E.21
The connecting road between Alleyn Road and South Croxted Road, leading to Emmanuel Church.
CLEVE HALL ESTATE, S.E.5
The Cleve Hall Estate in north Dulwich takes its name from Cleve Hall (long since demolished) on Champion Hill, leased in 1807 to George Sharp, and in 1895 to Mrs S. A. Bennett.
COKERS LANE, S.E.21
Now the name given to part of the development on the west side of Croxted Road which includes Pymers Mead and Perifield, Cokers was originally a collection of several fields, about 46 acres in all, occupying the sites of the various Sports Grounds on the south side of Dulwich Common. Converted from coppice woodland to "earable [sic] & tillage" not long before Edward Alleyn's death in 1626. The original name of Cokers was last mentioned in 1725, until its modern revival.
COLBY MEWS, S.E.19
The Rev. Edmund Colby was appointed as Schoolmaster Fellow of Dulwich College (by the Parliamentarians) in 1645, but discharged thirteen years later. Colby Mews adjoins north of COLBY ROAD, q.v..
COLBY ROAD, S.E.19
See COLBY MEWS above. Laid out after the construction of the railway in the 1860s, one of the early occupants was Annie Besant, the 19th century social reformer.
COLLEGE GARDENS, S.E.21
South of the Dulwich Picture Gallery, in College Road, and named for its proximity to the Old College.
COLLEGE ROAD, S.E.21
The northern section of the road, from the Old College southwards as far as the Mill Pond, was originally known in the 14th century as 'Estrete' (i.e. East Street). Southwards from the Mill Pond the road was constructed by John Morgan, who leased fields at the foot of Grange Lane in the late 1780s, to connect Dulwich with Penge. In return he was permitted to build, and take tolls from, the Toll gate, to pay for the upkeep of what remains a private road.
CONEY ACRE, S.E.21
In 1626-27 Thomas Downer paid £1 rent for Conie Acre. We cannot identify its position precisely, but it is known to have adjoined old fields called Newlands and the Eighteen Acres, between the present Herne Hill Stadium and Dulwich Village. The present Coney Acre, between Rosendale Road and Croxted Road, is part of the development which includes Walkerscroft Mead and Perifield.
CONSTABLE'S WALK, S.E.21
Off College Road, on the west side. Named either after Colonel Constable (Colonel being his first name, not his rank), who farmed Dulwich Court Farm in the early to mid-19th century, or after the painter John Constable, who had no direct connection with Dulwich.
The original Coppedhall was one of the houses on the north side of Dulwich Common, between the modern Gallery Road and College Road (and probably not far from the modern 'Orchard' Junior Boarding House of Dulwich College), first mentioned (as "le Coppedhalle") in 1435. The name, which simply implies a tiled pitched roof, is not mentioned in the records after 1523, until its modern reappearance for a housing development in Croxted Road.
COURT LANE, S.E.21
First mentioned in 1599, as "the highway leading from the Manor House", and referred to as Dulwich Court lane in 1619, from Dulwich Court Farm, later Constable's Farm (129 or so acres, formerly the demesne lands of the lord of the Manor), which lay on either side of it, the southern fields later forming the nucleus of Dulwich Park. First mentioned as Court Lane in 1834. D. H. Allport, writing in 1953 (Dulwich Village, p.31), remarked that "Many residents in Dulwich will remember the elm-lined hedgerows which bordered the old lane, the deep ruts and the mud of Stygian blackness which formed its surface in winter time ..."
COURT LANE GARDENS, S.E.21
Court Lane Gardens is set back from Court Lane, on the north side of Dulwich Park.
COURTMEAD CLOSE, S.E.24
11 copyhold acres near Cortemede, held by the Ode family for a cent- ury, is first mentioned in 1471. Court Mead (measured as 10 acres in 1605) lay on the west side of Gallery Road, next to both Gilcot Lands and Croxted Lane, and was later incorporated into the grounds of 'Belair'. The modern Courtmead Close is near the northern end of Burbage Road, on the east side.
COX'S WALK, S.E.21 & S.E.26
A 1736 Lease to Thomas Dodd of Ambrook hills reserved a 6 ft wide right of way, cut through Ambrook hills towards Sydenham Common before 1714 by John Cox, who was lessee of the Green Man, an inn on the site of the later Grove Tavern. as were in turn his son William, grandson Francis and great-grandson William Cox.
CRESCENT WOOD ROAD, S.E.26
Formerly Crescent Road, but renamed in 1891. Part of the south-eastern boundary of the old Manor, and present Dulwich Estate, bisects the 'island' between Crescent Wood Road and Sydenham Hill.
CROSSTHWAITE AVENUE, S.E.5
A mis-spelling of Crosthwaite in the Lake District, with which John Ruskin had connections. So named in 1949. See also RUSKIN WALK.
CROUCHMAN'S CLOSE, S.E.26
Crouchmans (first mentioned 1400) was a 3-acre piece of land on the site of the present 'Bell House' in College Road. In 1629 Edmund Redman, Dulwich husbandman, was leased a house and lands called Agnesfields, Dickriddinges and Crouchmans, 29 acres in all, for 21 years at £17 10/- p.a. A subsequent lessee (from 1769) was Thomas Wright, who built Bell House. The name has been given to a modern development between Low Cross Wood Lane and Sydenham Hill.
CROXTED ROAD, S.E.21
Formerly Croxted or Croxsted Lane, or Crokstrete (suggesting an allusion to its crooked route as one possible origin for the name), and forming (from Herne Hill southwards) the greater part of the western boundary of the old Manor. First mentioned, as Crokstrete, in 1335. At some time between 1444 and 1557 Croxted lane had become the standard name for it. In 1821 a letter from Lord Thurlow's Solicitor complained that Mr Swan [of Belair], in widening his ditch, had cut into Crockshutt [sic] Lane instead of his own estate, to the danger and inconvenience of cottages at the lower end of the lane. Writing in 1880, John Ruskin included (in 'Fiction - Fair and Foul') a description of Croxted Lane as it then was: 'Half-a-dozen handfuls of cottages are dropped here and there; the lane is a deep-rutted cart-road, diverging into various pieces of waste, and bordered in heaps of everything unclean; ashes and rags, beer bottles and old shoes [etc., etc.]'. Again, in 'Praeterita' (1885) he wrote: 'In my young days Croxted Lane was a green by-road little else than a narrow strip of untilled field. ... I have already noted with thankfulness the good I got out of the tadpole-haunted ditch in Croxted Lane.'
DALKEITH ROAD, S.E.21
Actually just outside the Dulwich Estate, joining (as does the western end of Turney Road) Croxted Road with Rosendale Road. Derivation unknown.
DANECROFT ROAD, S.E.24
Again, just outside the old Manor boundary, south-west of the old Casino estate. Believed to have been named (in 1902) after a house in the vicinity called Danecroft, or vice versa. In either case the derivation is unknown.
DEKKER ROAD, S.E.21
The four 'D' roads linking Court Lane with Woodwarde Road, and so named between 1906 and 1908, comprise the following:
DEKKER ROAD, the most north-westerly of the four, after Thomas Dekker, poet and dramatist, and contemporary of Edward Alleyn;
DESENFANS ROAD, named in honour of the benefactors of Dulwich Picture Gallery, Noel Desenfans and his widow Margaret;
DRUCE ROAD: Charles Druce founded, at the end of the 18th century, the firm of Solicitors (later Druces and Attlee) which acted for Dulwich College and the Estates Governors for many years;
DOVERCOURT ROAD, S.E.21 So named in 1908 after a parish in Essex. No explanation of a supposed connection with Dulwich has been forthcoming.
DELAWYK CRESCENT, S.E.24
Delawyk is an old spelling of Dulwich, dating from the 13th century, and was applied to a family which originated in the area rather than to the area itself.
DELFT WAY, S.E.22 see ARNHEM WAY
The first and only mention of the original field of this name was in 1472, as 2 acres in Denesmede, lately Richard Wyther's. Now a development between Herne Hill and Carver Road, and so named in 1960.
DENMARK HILL, S.E.5
The Denmark Hall Public House (after which Denmark Hill was named) and attached Tea Room (which continued in operation after the public house failed in the 1790s), was built by Luke Lightfoot on the site of what is now the Fox on the Hill, in about 1770. After World War II four substantial mansions ranged along Denmark Hill, each with its own large estate, were compulsorily purchased by the local authority, the proceeds of sale being applied towards rebuilding, improving and enlarging the buildings of Dulwich College.
DESENFANS ROAD, S.E.21 see DEKKER ROAD
DEVENTER CRESCENT, S.E.22 see ARNHEM WAY
DOMETT CLOSE, S.E.5 see ARNOULD AVENUE
DONNE COURT, S.E.24
Dr John Donne, poet and Dean of St Paul's, was the father of Edward Alleyn's second wife Constance.
DOVERCOURT ROAD, S.E.21 see DEKKER ROAD
DOWSON CLOSE, S.E.5 see ARNOULD AVENUE
DRUCE ROAD, S.E.21 see DEKKER ROAD
DULWICH COMMON, S.E.21
The road that now bears this name, and constitutes that part of the South Circular which bisects Dulwich from east to west, marks the northern boundary of the old Common land on which local tenants of the manor were permitted to graze their livestock, and forage for firewood and branches for fencing and building. In 1606 the Common (including the woods) extended over 300 acres. An Act of Parliament was passed in 1805 to 'Inclose' the Common, as a result of which the two remaining copyholders were allocated between them one-sixteenth of the Common (or paid off instead), and the College took the residue. It proceeded to enclose the Common that same year.
DULWICH OAKS PLACE, S.E.21
A small development in College Road, by Sydenham Hill Station. The name is a modern invention, but not inappropriate.
DULWICH VILLAGE, S.E.21
Formerly known simply as the High Street.
DULWICH WOOD AVENUE, S.E.19
So named in 1939 (having previously, since 1879, been simply 'The Avenue').
DULWICH WOOD PARK, S.E.19
The lower part of the route (linked with Crystal Palace Parade by the southern stretch of College Road which seems more naturally to belong to Dulwich Wood Park) constructed for the opening of the Crystal Palace at Sydenham in 1854, and originally named Victoria Road. Re-named in 1876.
DUNTON COURT, S.E.22 see ATTLEBOROUGH COURT
Another ancient variation (almost, anyway - it was never actually spelt that way) of Dulwich, given to a development on Denmark Hill in 1949.
EAST DULWICH GROVE, S.E.22
Connecting Lordship Lane with Dulwich Village. In 1879 the old lane (formerly extending westward no further than the present Thorncombe Road), where gipsies were often to be found encamped, was extended and given its present name. In 1887 James Allen's Girls' School moved from the Village to its present site in East Dulwich Grove.
EASTLANDS CRESCENT, S.E.21
Took its name from 'Eastlands', a "substantial stuccoed residence standing well back from Court Lane", and so named "from its position on the eastern side of the College lands". For some years it was "occupied as a school and in its later years by Mr Randall Higgins (of Jones & Higgins) and subsequently by Sir Fred Hall, M.P. for Dulwich". The road was cut in 1931 through the former estate attached to the house.
ELIOT BANK, S.E.26
Marking the point at which the eastern boundary of the old manor turned south-west. Derivation unknown.
ELMWOOD ROAD, S.E.21
Named in 1891, possibly after the ancient elm tree formerly in the front of 50 Half Moon Lane.
ELMWORTH GROVE, S.E.21
Part of a Council-built estate on the north side of Park Hall Road, west of Croxted Road and marking the western boundary of the old Dulwich manor.
EYNELLA ROAD, S.E.22
'Backslang' (but not quite, when one works it out) for 'Alleyn[e]'. Constructed in 1898 on the line of an old footpath from The Plough in Lordship Lane.
FARQUHAR ROAD, S.E.19
So named in 1864 after the then Chairman of the Crystal Palace Company, Thomas N. Farquhar. At the northern end, on the west side, are three substantial c.1960 blocks of flats, namely:
To the east of those blocks, and between Farquhar Road and Dulwich Wood Park, are another four substantial blocks, built c.1960 and accessed by LYMER AVENUE and TYLNEY AVENUE (q.v.), all named after contemporaries of Edward Alleyn, and coincidentally all also commemorated as four of the eight Athletic Houses at Dulwich College, namely:
MARLOWE COURT; AND
A corruption of Feerings. A modern development on the west side of College Road, near the Toll gate. Feringes Coppice was mentioned in 1575 and (in Alleyn's Diary) in 1621. It took its name from an unknown member of the Feringe, Fearinge, or Feering (and a few other variations) family, mentioned as Dulwich residents and tenants from 1561 to 1658. By 1642 Feerings Coppice had become simply Feerings (being no longer woodland), and was stated to be 24 acres. It lay on the west side of College Road, from Hunt's Slip Road to just north of Sydenham Hill Station, so, perhaps more by luck than judgment, the modern planners have for once revived the name (last used in 1765) for the right location.
FOUNTAIN DRIVE, S.E.19
Formerly (until 1938) Fountain Road, so named after the drinking fountain which stood in the Crystal Palace Parade, nearby.
FRANK DIXON CLOSE, S.E.21
With the adjoining Frank Dixon Way, was named after an Estates and College Governor of the 1930s, and so named in 1959-60.
FRANK DIXON WAY, S.E.21
As for Frank Dixon Close.
GAINSBOROUGH COURT, S.E.21
In College Road, just north of the Toll gate, and named after the artist Gainsborough, who has no known connection with Dulwich other than that seven paintings by him hang in the Dulwich Picture Gallery.
GALLERY ROAD, S.E.21
Formerly Back Lane, from the Village to Dulwich Common. The Court Rolls for 1621 reported that "the road next to the College, on the west part, is virtually ruined, but Edward Alleyn has laid out a piece of land, containing 60 rods, adjoining the same, for a new road, to be made up at his expense (with a bridge over the common sewer there) but afterwards to be maintained by the inhabitants." Takes its name from the Dulwich College Picture Gallery (now the Dulwich Picture Gallery), the first public picture gallery in London (and arguably any- where in the world), designed by Sir John Soane and built in 1814. The original collection was built up by various gifts and bequests to the College, greatly added to by Sir Peter Francis Bourgeois and by Noel Desenfans and his wife Margaret, whose mausoleum adjoins the Gallery on the Gallery Road side. Further south, on the west side, stands 'Belair'.
A mis-reading of Gawens. Like Feerings, this had been coppice woodland (24 acres), grubbed up during Edward Alleyn's time, and lay on the east side of the present Alleyn Park, north of Dulwich Wood Park. The land took its name from an unidentified member of the Gaweyn family, mentioned in the Dulwich records numerous times between 1399 and 1468. The modern Garvens is a small deve- lopment on the south side of the western end of Dulwich Wood Avenue, near Gipsy Hill.
GILES COPPICE, S.E.19
The first mention of the name is in 1626, recording a sale by Edward Alleyn to William Sewer of the woods, underwoods, trees & bushes in Gileses Coppice. Further such sales are recorded more or less regularly every ten years until 1695, shortly after which date the name ceased to be used and we can guess that Lapse Wood was extended to include it. The modern road extends south from Kingswood Drive, stopping just short of Dulwich Wood Park.
GILKES CRESCENT, S.E.21
So named in memory of Arthur Herman Gilkes, Master of Dulwich College 1885-1914, and laid out in 1923, the year after Gilkes' death. Runs from East Dulwich Grove to Calton Avenue.
GILKES PLACE, S.E.21
Formerly Elms Road and renamed, with GILKES CRESCENT q.v., in 1938, after some debate with the residents.
GIPSY HILL, S.E.19
Named for the gipsies whose encampments were a frequent feature of the Dulwich and Norwood woods before the nineteenth century. The eastern side of the road (as far south as Colby Road), along which lay a tributary of the river Effra, marked the western boundary of the Dulwich estate.
GLAZEBROOK CLOSE, S.E.21
Sir Richard Tetley Glazebrook, a writer on Physics (1854-1926), went to Dulwich College, as did three of his cousins, one of whom, Canon Michael G. Glazebrook (1853-1926) was President of the Alleyn Club (the Old Boys' association of Dulwich College) in 1882. Glazebrook Close, named after one or other of them, is the main part of the estate north of Acacia Grove.
GRANGE LANE, S.E.21
A lease granted in 1745 reserved an 11-ft-wide cartway (now Grange Lane) for the College, through to its woods. The Grange, built by Thomas Lett in about 1812, stands half-way up Grange Lane, on the site of a much earlier building (called New Barn in 1746), and gives it its present name (it was previously called Occupation Road). It was largely rebuilt after the 1939-45 War by Gerald Fairlie, who lived there for many years.
GREAT BROWNINGS, S.E.21
Brownynges is first mentioned in 1405, and two closes called greate Browninges and lyttell Browninges in 1575. Although the evidence is not entirely consistent, Great Brownings (at the Village end of Court Lane, on the north-east side) seems to have been about 7 acres, and Little Brownings (south-west of it, on the same side of Court Lane) comprised two parcels, each of about 3½ acres. Great Brownings seems to have been retained, along with Howletts on the south side of the old College, for the College's own purposes, until the land was developed in the 19th century. The name has been given to a secluded modern development on the east side of College Road, looping up northwards to Low Cross Wood Lane.
GREAT SPILMANS, S.E.22
First mentioned, as Spendelmanfeld, in 1404, and later divided into Great and Little Spilmans. Both were included from 1659 onwards in leases of what became eventually the Belair estate, although from 1743 Great Spilmans, which conveniently lay opposite the back gate of the old College, was retained by the College for its own use. It later became Lloyds Register Sports Ground. The modern development of that name lies south of East Dulwich Grove, between Gilkes Crescent and Calton Avenue.
GREEN DALE, S.E.5 and S.E.22
Formerly Green Lane, until the mid-20th century. Its northern half was newly carved in 1806 across old fields, but its southern section was a grassed lane, probably of great antiquity, leading to the old parish church of St Giles, Camberwell.
The GROVE and GROVE GATE, S.E.21
The walk-way between Gallery Road and College Road, known to some as Lovers Lane or Pensioners' Walk, but referred to officially from 1768 as the Grove, hence the Grove Field which lay on its south side.
GYLCOTE CLOSE, S.E.5
First mentioned, as Gylcoteland, in a Survey of Dulwich Woods of about 1542. A field called Gillcotts lands (4 acres) was leased by Francis Calton to John Bone, with Hall Place, in 1597. Gilcott Lands was included from 1659 onwards in leases of what became eventually the Belair estate. The modern variation, Gylcote Close, is a southern spur of Crossthwaite Avenue.
HALF MOON LANE, S.E.24
Known from ancient times as Greenstreet, and from the 1720s until about 1800 as Ireland Green (after James and Thomas Ireland who leased land adjoining it from the College). According to local tradition, an inn has stood on the site at the west end of the lane, nearest Herne Hill, since the middle of the 17th century, but the first public house "known by the Sign of the Half Moon" was built by Joseph Miller in 1760. In 1844 Edward Alleyn's original tombstone, removed many years before from the College Chapel, was re- discovered in the skittle ground of the Half Moon. Between 1894 and 1896 the old Half Moon, much frequented by visitors from London on account of its garden and rustic surroundings, was rebuilt.
HAMBLEDON PLACE, S.E.21
On the south side of Dulwich Common, on the site of the former Toksowa Hotel. From 1948 to 1972 the house was used as a hostel for nurses at King's College Hospital and renamed Hambleden House after the 2nd and 3rd Viscounts Hambleden, major benefactors of the hospital. It was demolished in the 1980s for the present housing estate, which was then called Hambledon Place.
HERNE HILL, S.E.24
First identified as such on a Surrey map of 1789. Reputedly a corruption of Heron Hill, being supposedly a haunt of that species, but more probably identifiable with 'Le Herne', a local field-name recorded c.1490. The road was so named in 1883, and marks part of the north- western boundary of the old Manor of Dulwich.
HILLSBOROUGH ROAD, S.E.22
Marks an old footpath connecting East Dulwich and the Village, and so named in 1884 after the parish in Yorkshire where Edward Alleyn owned property.
HILVERSUM CRESCENT, S.E.22 see ARNHEM WAY
HITHERWOOD DRIVE, S.E.19
Turning south from Kingswood Drive, and emerging into College Road. Hither Wood was not one of the Dulwich Woods, although there is one reference, on the 1808 Estate Map, to Hither Kings Wood (to distinguish it from Further Kings Wood).
HOGARTH COURT, S.E.19
Off Fountain Drive. Presumably named after William Hogarth, the 18th century artist, represented by two paintings in Dulwich Picture Gallery.
HOLLINGBOURNE ROAD, S.E.24
Named, inexplicably, after Hollingbourne, a parish in Kent, in 1891.
HOWARD WAY, S.E.22 see BARCLAY WAY
HOWLETT'S ROAD, S.E.24
According to Blanch, the Camberwell historian, Howlettes Acre in Half Moon Lane was given by Sir Edmond Bowyer in 1626 to the use of the poor of Camberwell and was sold by the parish to Mr George Keen of Herne Hill in 1858. In 1888 J. P. Thol occupied 'Howlettes', a house (& 2 acres) on the south side of Half Moon Lane. A com- pletely different parcel of land called Howletts Mead, or 'The Howletts', or 'Howlettes Green', lay south of the old College, occupying most of the area between Gallery Road and College Road.
HUNTERS MEADOW, S.E.19
A modern invention. No such name appears in historical Dulwich records, although a Hunters Hill (2 acres) is mentioned once, in a survey made in about 1600, but was probably a part of the land adjoining Red Post Hill that happened, at the time, to be occupied by a Henry Hunter.
HUNT'S SLIP ROAD, S.E.21
Formerly Union Road. Connecting College Road with Alleyn Park, and crossing over the railway between West Dulwich and Sydenham Hill. So named in 1936, after Mr Hunt who had recently leased adjoining land.
HUNT WAY, S.E.22 see BARCLAY WAY
ILDERSLY GROVE, S.E.21
Believed to be a mis-spelling of the surname of Thomas Iddersleigh, one time Secretary of the Crystal Palace Company, although the theory seems implausible. However, the derivation of the name is otherwise unexplained.
ISEL WAY, S.E.22 see ARNHEM WAY
JASPER ROAD, S.E.19
Located at the far south-western extremity of Dulwich manor, only the northern side of this road is part of the Dulwich Estate. So named in 1870, possibly from Sir Walter Scott's novel 'Monastery' (although the connection is unclear).
KEMPIS WAY, S.E.22 see ARNHEM WAY
First mentioned in the Court Rolls for 1404, as 26 acres formerly called Gerardes, now Kinelles, after Sir Robert Knolles (evidently pro- nounced with a hard 'k'). Dealings involving the freehold Kenelles or Kennalls (probably approximating to the area between the east ends of Burbage Road and Turney Road, and about 6 acres) figure frequently up to 1606, when Edward Alleyn bought it. The name is now applied to a housing estate in Croxted Road, north of Acacia Grove.
KINGSWOOD DRIVE, S.E.19
Takes it name from Kingswood House, built by William Vizard in 1811-12 in the middle of an estate of 75 acres, for which he paid £300 rent a year. In 1892 J. L. Johnston ("Mr Bovril") was granted a lease of it, and after World War I the Vestey family took over, remaining there until after the 1939-45 War. The estate, or what had not already been built on at its fringes, was taken over by the local authority, and in 1956 'Kingswood House' was re-opened as the new Kingswood Centre. The various blocks of flats on the estate take their names from men associated with the old College foundation before 1858. Kingswood Drive itself was so named in 1891.
KNIGHTS HILL, S.E.21
The Knight family was prominent in Dulwich and West Norwood from the 15th to the 17th centuries. Knights Hill itself, west of Rosendale Road (not to be confused with the Knights Hill linking West Norwood with Beulah Hill, S.E.27) is first mentioned in the Dulwich Court Rolls, by reference to "... the pound outside the manor called Knighte[s]hill pound...", in 1608. Lord Thurlow, the then Lord Chancellor, bought the Knights Hill Estate from the Duke of St Albans in 1785, and in 1846 his heirs sold it to Charles Ranken (another lawyer) of 'Belair'. Ranken's heirs in turn sold it in 1859 to Dulwich College, which promptly made a handsome profit on the deal (enough to finance the rebuilding of the College at its new site on Dulwich Common) by selling off part of it to the railway company.
LAPSE WOOD WALK, S.E.23
'Lapsewood' was a mansion built on Sydenham Hill by Charles Barry, who lived there for many years. It was later converted into flats, and has now been demolished. The name first occurs as 'the Loppes' (an alternative name for Ambrook Hill Coppice) in 1581. By 1790 it was referred to as the Laps, and in 1798 the College Surveyor, John Dugle- by, recorded that "... the Lapse is now designed to remain in future as a wood... " The Lapse is the most easterly wood shown on the Estate Map of 1808.
LINCOLN MEWS, S.E.21
Adjoining Lings Coppice. No known authentic derivation.
LINGS COPPICE, S.E.21
First mentioned in a survey done for Henry VIII in 1542-43, Lings Coppice lay south of the old mansion called Hall Place, within an area now bounded approximately by South Croxted Road, Church Approach, and Alleyn Road/Alleyn Park. From 1633 (by which time it had been converted to pasture, and divided into four or five closes) it was invariably leased with Hall Place. After 1685 the name fell into disuse, until its modern revival.
LITTLE BORNES, S.E.21
In 1606 Thomas Calton sold to his elder brother Sir Francis "part of litle bornes (2 acres) the west end of which lies toward Croxted Lane, late occupied by Thomas Fearinge deceased". Little Bornes origin- ally lay between Great Bornes and Napps in Croxted Road, and the present railway line between Tulse Hill and North Dulwich bisects the old field. Its modern counterpart is a development in Alleyn Park, south of Kingsdale School.
LITTLE BROWNINGS, S.E.23
For derivation and original site, see under Great Brownings. The two parcels of Little Brownings eventually re-amalgamated as one 7 acre field, leased in 1663 with other land on the east and west sides of Dulwich Village to Daniel Scrivener. After 1718 the name was discontinued, until its revival in the 1960s for a development off Sydenham Rise.
LLOYDS YARD, S.E.21
Formerly Tristram's Yard, and named after Lloyd the carpenter, occupying those premises adjoining "the High Street" (now Dulwich Village) in 1837.
A development of three houses and six maisonettes on the site of 63 and 65 Alleyn Park, and so-named from an Elizabethan game, similar to that of 'Aunt Sally', and mentioned but once in the old Court Rolls.
LORD'S CLOSE, S.E.21
Off Thurlow Park Road. The name may be a corruption of Lords- croft (a 2-acre field mentioned once, in 1507), or possibly of the Lordship Close (a 3-acre field in the vicinity of Red Post Hill, recorded from 1605 to 1611), or could perhaps be a reference to Lord Thurlow.
LORDSHIP LANE, S.E.22
An ancient road, dividing the two manors, or 'Lordships' of Dulwich and Camberwell-Friern, known as such since at least the 17th century, and probably for several centuries before that. Part of an old route from London to the south, being a continuation of Dog Kennel Lane (now Dog Kennel Hill).
LOVELACE ROAD, S.E.21
On the Knight's Hill Estate. Derivation unknown, unless it is named after Richard Lovelace, 17th century poet, of whom a portrait, with those of two others of his family, hangs in Dulwich Picture Gallery.
LOW CROSS WOOD LANE, S.E.21
In 1787 John Morgan, lord of the manor of Penge and a lessee of Dulwich property in the Grange Lane area, proposed making a new road from Penge to Dulwich High Road, via Dulwich Common, at his own cost, with free use by the College and its tenants, and in that year he was granted a lease of "so much of the College Wood adjoining Penge Common and Low Cross Lane as should be necessary to make a road, not more than 30 ft wide, from the top of the wood down to the fields in his occupation". In 1789 it was reported by the College Surveyor that "The Road down Locus Lane is now the admiration of the County... ". The road in question was the modern COLLEGE ROAD, q.v., Low Cross Wood Lane (formerly called Church Walk) being now a footpath linking that road with Crescent Wood Road.
LYALL AVENUE, S.E.21
On the Kingswood Estate. So named in 1950 after Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall, a Governor of Dulwich College, appointed in 1891.
LYMER AVENUE, S.E.19
The Rev. Cornelius Lymer, M.A., having been Chaplain of Christchurch College, Oxford, was appointed the first Chaplain to Alleyn's College of God's Gift on 31st August 1616, officiating at the consecration of the College Chapel. He left the Foundation on 30th September 1617.
MILO ROAD, S.E.22
Connects Beauval Road with Lordship Lane. So named in 1894, possibly after Milo (or Milon), the 6th century Greek athlete who, however, is not thought to have had any connection with Dulwich!
MONCLAR ROAD, S.E.5 see ARNOULD AVENUE
MOORE WAY, S.E.22 see BARCLAY WAY
MORKYNS WALK, S.E.21
The original field called Morkyns was presumably named after the delightfully alliterative Reginald, Richard, Robert, or Roger Morkyn, all of whom figure in the manorial Court Rolls between 1333 and 1335, and probably after Roger Morkyn, who alone survived until 1376 (and perhaps longer). It comprised "a tenement & 17 acres called Morkynes", and judging by one or two references cannot have been far from the present Half Moon Lane. The name has been resurrected and adapted for a small development in Alleyn Park.
NAIRNE GROVE, S.E.24
So named in 1923 after Sir Percival Nairne, a resident of North Dulwich. On the east side of Sunray Avenue.
NIMEGEN WAY, S.E.22 see ARNHEM WAY
A development next to the T.A.V.R. Centre in Lordship Lane. The original 15 acre Northcroft, first mentioned in 1402 (when it was divided up into typically 2-acre strips, in various ownerships), was a triangular field, the present boundaries of which would be Half Moon Lane, Herne Hill, and Ruskin Walk. After 1606 it was leased out as part of Alleyn's Dulwich estate, and used as pasture. In 'Praeterita' (1885), John Ruskin wrote: "Central in each amphitheatre, the crowning glory of Herne Hill was accordingly that, after walking along its ridge southward from London through a mile of chestnut, lilac and apple trees hanging over the wooden palings on each side, suddenly the trees stopped on the left, and out one came on the top of the field [i.e. Northcrofts] sloping down to the South into Dulwich Valley - open field animate with cow and buttercup, and below, the beautiful meadows and high avenues of Dulwich; and beyond, all that crescent of the Norwood Hills.'"
OAKFIELD GARDENS, S.E.19
Took its name from one of the three houses called Oakfield which at one time or another have been found at different locations in Dulwich, this one being originally opposite the present development.
PECKARMANS WOOD, S.E.26
A modern development snaking deep into old Dulwich woodland, along the brow of the hill from Crescent Wood Road. Peckamins, first mentioned in 1621, was a 17-acre field of pasture which had been converted from coppice woodland and remained so, although another larger parcel of the former Peckamins Coppice (25 acres or so) retained its wooded character and its name until the early 1800s. As for the derivation of the name, perhaps, at the time that Dulwich Manor was owned by the Priory of Bermondsey, there was a dispute about rights of common for tenants of its various manors (we know of one such dispute in 1225), and men from Peckham were given rights of common in specific parts of the Dulwich woods which thus became known as the Peckham men's coppice, the modern name being a contraction or corruption of that.
The site of the original Perifield (first mentioned in 1329) can be located to the site presently occupied by the Dulwich High School for Boys (previously William Penn School), and its history, remarkably, can be continuously traced from 1373 to the present day. In 1606 it was sold to Edward Alleyn, and thereafter its history is documented in leases granted by Alleyn and subsequently by Dulwich College, almost all of which are still extant. The modern Perifield is west of Croxted Road, adjoining Walkerscroft Mead, Pymers Mead, etc.
PICKWICK ROAD, S.E.21
Named in honour of Charles Dickens' creation Mr Pickwick, who spent the end of his fictional life in retirement in Dulwich. Dickens reputedly attended several Dulwich Club dinners at the famous 'Greyhound' inn (although there is no record in the Club Minutes of him doing so), and the road was constructed in 1906 across the vacant site of the old inn, to Turney Road.
PLAYFIELD CRESCENT, S.E.22
Between Colwell Road and Lytcott Grove. Constructed in 1902 and supposedly so named because Alleyn's School's playing fields adjoin it.
POND COTTAGES, S.E.21
First mentioned as 'Millpond Cottages' in 1791, when leased to William Oxlade. For a comprehensive history of Pond Cottages, see the Dulwich Society booklet 'A Dulwich Corner', published in 1994.
POND MEAD, S.E.22
Takes its name from Pond House (formerly Pond Place), a fine 18th century mansion at the junction of Red Post Hill and Village Way, and in the former grounds of which the modern development was built.
PYMERS MEAD, S.E.21
When in the 1960s the local authority was trawling for possible names for new housing developments, including those on the west side of Croxted Road, one of those submitted was Pynners Mead, but unfortunately the name has now been perpetuated as the meaningless Pymers Mead. The local authority got the name right, however, in naming one of the blocks of flats along Herne Hill as Pynnersmead. The original Pynners Mead or Pynners Leasue (indeed, the latter variant appears more often, a leasue being another term for a meadow) was about 3½ acres somewhere in the area bounded by Danecroft Road, Elmwood Road, Red Post Hill and Herne Hill, and was possibly named after Richard de Pynnore, who witnessed a Dulwich deed in 1340, or after Margaret Pynnor, mentioned in a Deed of Release of unspecified Dulwich property in 1473.
RED POST HILL, S.E.24 & S.E.22
The ancient highway from Dulwich to London, formerly (from at least 1335 until at least 1788) called Aspole or Ashpole Lane. Its more modern name "is derived from the old sign post on Denmark Hill which for some reason or another was painted red." At its southern end was formerly the Crooked Billet, later known successively as the King's Head and the White Hart, which was demolished in 1902. North Dulwich Railway Station, originally serving the London & Sutton line, dates from 1866.
ROCK HILL, S.E.26
Formerly Reservoir Road, this is a walkway linking College Road with Sydenham Hill, and an even steeper climb than Low Cross Wood Lane. Named after the house called Rockhills, home of Sir Joseph Paxton near the Crystal Palace.
ROSEDALE ROAD, S.E.21
Whoever thought this one up did not spare much thought for the postal services, as this road is right next to its near namesake Rosendale Road, with which it is no doubt often confused. It runs parallel with Walkerscroft Mead.
ROSENDALE ROAD, S.E.21
Named after Rosendale Hall, erected 1658 and demolished in the early 20th century. The road was originally intended as a grand avenue leading towards the Crystal Palace, a plan effectively spoiled by the owner of the Tritton Road site who built across the intended route. Only part of Rosendale Road passes through the Dulwich Estate, and that only because the College bought the Knights Hill Estate in 1860.
Built, as part of the Estates Governors' Cottage Building Scheme shortly after World War I, on a meadow long used by Causton's Athletic Club.
ROUSE GARDENS, S.E.21
Named in 1961 after Harold Lindsey Rouse, a Director of Midland Bank Ltd and an Alleyn Old Boy and local resident, who had died in 1959.
ROYSTON COURT, S.E.24
Richard Royston (1599-1686), after whom this small development near the northern end of Burbage Road is presumably named, was a bookseller to Charles I, but with no known direct connection with Dulwich.
RUSKIN WALK, S.E.24
The Victorian writer and critic John Ruskin lived much of his life in the Herne Hill area, from 1823-43 at a house on the site of 26 Herne Hill, and from 1843 to 1872 leasing from the College a house (later 163 Denmark Hill) built in 1807 on the site of another built in 1796. After Ruskin's time his house became the Ruskin Manor Hotel. It was demolished in 1949. Ruskin Walk was a new road constructed in the 19th century roughly on the line of an old walk-way called Simpson's Alley.
RYECOTES MEAD, S.E.21
John and Cristina de Reygate figure as vendors in a sale of a freehold messuage and 9 acres of land in Dylewissh in 1311, and in 1405 Sir Robert Denny's holdings in Dulwich included "the tenement lately called Reygates". This property passed to the Legh family of Streat- ham, who sold it to the Drapers of Camberwell in 1542, and the last surviving Draper, Matthew, left it in his Will to Sir Edmund Bowyer of Camberwell, who sold it in 1609 to Edward Alleyn. Unfortunately, there are no definite clues as to where within Dulwich manor the prop- erty lay. We have much better information on another, although un- related, parcel called Rigates Green, which was encircled by Dulwich Common Wood and comprised 60 acres roughly where the various Sports Grounds on the south side of the South Circular are now to be found, and included the fields called Cokers. The house called Rye- cotes, from which Ryecotes Mead directly takes its name, was so named by William Young, a College and Estates Governor (and a dis- tinguished local historian), who occupied it from 1858. In 1909 it was home to Sir Hiram Maxim, inventor of the Maxim gun, who is buried in West Norwood Cemetery. The house was demolished in 1967 to make way for the present development.
SEELEY DRIVE, S.E.21
On the Kingswood Estate. Named after Harry Govier Seeley, an Assistant Master at Dulwich College in 1885.
SOUTH CROXTED ROAD, S.E.21
The southern continuation (towards Gipsy Hill) of CROXTED ROAD.
SPENSER MEWS, S.E.21
Presumably named after the Elizabethan poet, Edmund Spenser.
SPINNEY GARDENS, S.E.19 see BOWLEY CLOSE
SPRINGHILL CLOSE, S.E.5
The first road south of the Fox on the Hill, leading into Champion Hill.
The name is presumably explained by the hill being supplied with natural springs.
STEEN WAY, S.E.22 see ARNHEM WAY
STONEHILLS COURT, S.E.21
A development off College Road. So named in 1959, after a house called Stonehills which stood on the site.
STRADELLA ROAD, S.E.24
Named in 1894 after Alessandro Stradella (c.1645-1681), an Italian composer. Any connection between him and the Herne Hill area, where the road is to be found, is unclear.
SUNRAY AVENUE, S.E.24
The first entrance into Dulwich, travelling south from Denmark Hill, is Sunray Avenue, which leads into Red Post Hill at its southern end. The road is traversed halfway along by another road also called Sunray Avenue. So named in 1894.
On the north-west corner of Thurlow Park Road and Rosendale Road. The house of that name was formerly next to Glenlea in Thurlow Park Road (not to be confused with the former Glenlea on Dulwich Common).
SYDENHAM RISE. S.E.23
Forms a triangle with Sydenham Hill and London Road, Forest Hill.
SYDENHAM HILL, S.E.26 and S.E.23
Marks the longest section of the south-eastern boundary of the old Dulwich Manor and of the modern Dulwich Estate. Sydenham is an early place-name, and is to be found in a document of 1319 as 'Cypenham'.
TERBORCH WAY, S.E.22 see ARNHEM WAY
THORNCOMBE ROAD, S.E.22
Constructed in 1879 on the line of an old footpath leading from East Dulwich Grove to Dulwich, via White Cottage. Probably named after a village in Dorset, but why is unclear.
THURLOW PARK ROAD, S.E.21
Named after Lord Thurlow, the 18th century Lord Chancellor who owned the Knights Hill Estate.
TOLLGATE DRIVE, S.E.21
So named from the Toll Gate nearby in College Road, the only toll gate still in use in the London area.
TOWNLEY ROAD, S.E.22
Margaret Townley was Edward Alleyn's mother's maiden name. The road was so named in 1884.
TURNEY ROAD, S.E.21
George L. Turney was a Vestryman of Camberwell Parish in 1863. The road was named officially in 1905, but is given that name on an 1876 map.
TYLNEY AVENUE, S.E.19
So named in 1960. Edmund Tylney was Master of the Queen's Revels under Elizabeth I in 1583, and there is therefore a tenuous link with Edward Alleyn.
VILLAGE WAY, S.E.21
Linking Half Moon Lane with Dulwich Village, and built through the grounds of Pond House when the railway line necessitated a detour in Half Moon Lane in the 1860s.
WALKERSCROFT MEAD, S.E.21
Almost certainly named after Robert Waldecart of Ludham, mentioned as the purchaser in 1315 of a freehold messuage and 9 acres in Dulwich (called Reygates). He must also have held two acres of copy- hold, subsequently referred to almost invariably (allowing for spelling variations) as Walkerscroft. Evidence of its precise location is frustratingly absent, despite its frequent appearances in the old records, from 1428 (as Fulkart). In 1497 there is (in view of the supposed derivation) the significant spelling Walcardescrofte and, in 1568, Waulcardise Crofte. Walkerscroft Mead, the name given to part of the development in Croxted Road which includes Pymers Mead and Perifield, is accordingly tautologous.
WANLEY ROAD, S.E.5 see ARNOULD AVENUE
WARMINGTON ROAD, S.E.24
Off Half Moon Lane, at a right angle to Ruskin Walk. Probably so named, in 1889, after a parish in Warwickshire.
WAVEL PLACE, S.E.26
Between Fountain Drive and Sydenham Hill. Derivation unclear.
WICKERS OAKE, S.E.19
Off Dulwich Wood Park. The famous ancient tree called the Vicar's Oak may be sited, to within a few feet, to the centre of the roundabout at the southern end of Crystal Palace Parade. The coppice wood to which the tree (the meeting point of four parishes, namely Camberwell, Lambeth, Battersea and Streatham) gave its name is first mentioned in the Dulwich records, as a close called Wickers Oake Coppice, in 1607. From 1645 onwards there are recorded sales, every ten years or so, of the wood and underwood in Vicars (or Vickers) Oak (or Oake) Cop- pice, given as 32 acres in 1668, until at least 1798, although the Vicars Oak itself seems to have been cut down in 1678. In 1854 the new Crystal Palace Co. became occupier (and lessee, through its nominee George Wythes) of substantial parts of Vicars Oak Wood and Kings Wood. and the Crystal Palace Parade was constructed just within the eastern boundary of the old coppice wood.
WILKIE WAY, S.E.22 see BARCLAY WAY
WINTERBROOK ROAD, S.E.24
Named in 1896, apparently after a district of Wallingford, Berkshire (now Oxfordshire), but possibly because the watercourse that ran across it in former times dried up in Summer, but flowed more freely in Winter.
A variation of Woodsires. The corruption of the name originates in Blanch's misreading of the old-fashioned 's' for an 'f' in his 'Ye Parish of Camerwell' (1875), a book on which the local authority evidently placed great reliance in selecting old Dulwich names to be revived for modern developments.
WOODHALL AVENUE, S.E.21
A cul-de-sac off WOODHALL DRIVE, q.v.
WOODHALL DRIVE, S.E.21
An extended crescent off College Road, which took its name (in the early 1960s) from the mansion Wood Hall (101 College Road), which in the 1870s had replaced one called Woodhouse, built by Thomas Lett c.1810, and later occupied by, amongst others, the historian George Grote, and James Eno of fruit salts fame.
A modern development off Sydenham Hill. As a place-name, Wood- sire (the more usual spelling) first appears, in a reference to "the lord's land at Wodeshere", in 1335. William Wodeshere, probably so named because he or his forebear had the job of tending the lord of the manor's woods, is, intriguingly, mentioned in the same Court Roll, as being fined for his animals damaging the lord's property at Wodeshere. Under Bermondsey Abbey and the Calton family, Woodsire (com- prising 44 acres) remained part of the lord of the manor's demesne lands, essentially Dulwich Court Farm on either side of Court Lane. Woodsire became subdivided into a number of parcels: Woodsire Grove was 8 acres of mainly woodland on which Alleyn's School now stands; Great Woodsires was about 30 acres at one point, and Little Woodsires 14 acres, but another ten acres was carved out of Great Woodsires (leaving the latter at 20 acres), and added to an adjoining 3 acres to make another 13-acre parcel also, confusingly, called Little Woodsires. The 20 acres and the 13 acres were thereafter included as part of Dulwich Court Farm, and the 14 acres, straddling what is now East Dulwich Grove, was leased with a house which is now Lyndenhurst, but after 1719 the leases cease to refer to Little Woodsires by name.
WOODWARDE ROAD, S.E.22
Named in 1884 in honour of Edward Alleyn's first wife, Joan Woodward (died 1623).
WOODYARD LANE, S.E.21
So named from the use to which the yard at the end of the lane was put by the Dulwich Estates Governors, now the Estate Trustees.