The Dulwich Society has over a thousand members, approximately 20% of the households in Dulwich. It ought to have more. Elsewhere in this Newsletter are reported issues that affect us all - the possible extension of the Dulwich Village Conservation area and the implications this has for residents within the proposed new area; the case for and against an additional bus route through the Village; a proposal from the Dulwich Society to allow the Belair car park to be used at nightime by residents returning by public transport to West Dulwich.
Membership of the Dulwich Society gives individuals a voice in matters which affect them. As you will see, the Chief Executive of the Dulwich Estate, John Major, urges residents to join amenity societies like ours. You, the reader are a member, and we hope you will want to renew that membership in 2004. Perhaps you might consider introducing new residents to the Society.
As you know, the Dulwich Society functions through a range of sub-committees, all of these welcome new committee members and the chairmen of each sub-committee will be pleased to hear from you if you are interested in serving. The Newsletter is hand-distributed by members in a remarkable team effort, four times a year. Recently, one or two of the long serving distributors indicated that because of advancing years they are no longer able to continue. This is an unsung but essential task and new volunteers would be welcomed by the Distribution Manager. The delivery is not onerous, just one road or so.
This year, two prominent Dulwich figures passed away. Philip Spooner and Bill Alexander were both veteran members of the Dulwich Rotary Club and active members of the community. Philip was a founder member of the Friends of the Horniman and for many years secretary of the Dulwich Forum. Bill had done tremendous work over a long period for the Friends of Dulwich Hospital. Both men were lay-readers of their respective churches, St Faith's and St Clement's. Such public spirited individuals are becoming increasingly rare and we mourn their passing.
A Conservation Area is: "An area of special architectural or historic importance, the character of which it is desirable to enhance and protect."
The special character of the Dulwich Village Conservation Area is officially described as:
The Dulwich Village Conservation Area might be extended because:
When Conservation Areas were first established, Dulwich Village was one of the earliest ,in 1968. During the past thirty-five years it has remained the same size, but it is clear that if it had been created now, under current policy, it would have been larger. So when a number of local people began to write to his department asking to have their streets included, the council thought it was time to look at the boundaries again. Indeed, they have a statutory duty to keep boundaries of conservation areas under review.
Currently the boundaries are well within the boundaries of the Dulwich Estate on the west and south, though they run together on the eastern side (see sketch plan). Possibly the boundaries of the Conservation Area could be altered to coincide more nearly with those of the Estate.
Basically, being in a conservation area affects the criteria for planning permission for certain works. Being within the Area will not increase the bureaucracy. Within the Dulwich Estate, we already have to submit two applications for planning; the council one costs £110, the Estate one anything from £50 upwards. Would there be a further fee? No, the status of Conservation Area affects what the Council Planning Department can allow but the Conservation Officer works within that department, liasing closely with other planning officers.
What advantages would it bring to residents? Is the area not already protected adequately by the Dulwich Estate? "No" said Michelle Pearce, one of our local councillors. "When the Woodyard site was being developed, the Estate had in mind to build a large number of small houses of no architectural merit. Instead, because it was already in a Conservation Area, the council prevented this, and refused planning permission until an alternative plan for larger homes, more space, and some interesting architecture was developed."
In a Conservation Area, the council would have power to prevent the demolition of large old houses to make way for smaller modern ones. There are still a few large old houses just outside the area which the Estate might feel tempted to demolish and replace and extending the area could give these protection, but only if the individual houses or the street in which they lay was held to have historical or architectural merit.
The council would be able to impose stricter limits on the size of extensions and the provision of dormer windows than it does now. Probably these new limits would be similar to those currently imposed by the Estate.
A priority of the conservation team in Southwark is to preserve the large areas of open land surrounding the Village, as part of the original pattern of Dulwich. Another priority is to include the historic routes into the Village, and buildings of historic interest along the way, including North Dulwich Station. To do this, they will have to include roads enclosing the open areas, even if these roads do not themselves possess an architectural or historic character meriting Conservation Area status. This is normal practice in Conservation Areas, and these roads are referred to in appraisals as 'neutral areas'.
It was pointed out by Cllr. Pearce and others, that the Dulwich Estate, unlike the Council, never consulted residents, and although the Estate's rule was generally benign, there was no way of finding out why a particular ruling had been made and no recourse against it. This, she claimed, was unlike the council's more transparent way of working.
The whole consultation, even with its poor organisation, was infinitely better than any consultation the Estate has ever had (has it ever had any?). The Council has chosen to consult with residents on this issue, although not obliged to do so. It is clear that the council's regulations are open to all and their application is closely monitored by our elected representatives.
This was primarily a preliminary consultation for residents in the affected areas. Questions and comments related largely to how the change would affect the wider community. Would the council's efforts, for instance be better spent in preserving other areas in Southwark?
It would seem logical to bring the boundaries of the Conservation Area more into line with the boundaries of the Estate. There would be double protection against unsympathetic development and some extra protection from arbitrary behaviour by the Estate when dealing with its own land.
As a consultation for residents, it reached a very definite conclusion. Well over a hundred were present, and on a show of hands the great majority were in favour of extending the Conservation Area.
Report by Margaret Hanton
If you would like to write with your views, the address is;
Design and Conservation Team
London Borough of Southwark
London SE17 2ES
The Dulwich Society Newsletter would also welcome its members' views.
Two new bus routes are being proposed for Dulwich. The No 42 that at present terminates near St Faith's Hall, Sunray Avenue, will have its route extended to Herne Hill. This would benefit those residents of Half Moon Lane who might like a direct connection with Kings College Hospital. This extension of routing is subject to consultation with residents along the proposed route. However the Half Moon Lane extension could possibly result in some of that route being designated as a bus lane In view of the proximity of the No 68 service from Herne Hill past Kings College Hospital residents will have to balance the extra convenience with the disadvantages of noise, pollution and possibly loss of parking space.
The finger-posts which are so much a feature of the Dulwich streetscape are to be restored by Southwark Council. Additional strengthening will hopefully give them a longer life than has recently been the case. Thanks to the persistence of The Dulwich Society's secretary, Patrick Spencer, site meetings have been held with Council officials and action is promised. At the time of going to press, another overdue responsibility, the replacement of the chain-links and posts along the Village, has begun. Let us hope that by the time this issue appears, this long delayed task will have been completed.
In the last issue of the Newsletter we announced the arrival of P.C. Shaun Mulcathy as Community Officer for the Village area. He has recently been joined by P.C. Alastair Gellatly who has been appointed the Community Officer for North Dulwich and parts of Herne Hill. His beat's boundaries are; west of Sunray Avenue, Herne Hill, and parts of Croxted Road and Burbage Road. Areas like the North Dulwich Triangle, Half Moon Lane and roads adjoining are in Alastair's 'patch'. However, he and Shaun work closely together, covering each other's leave periods and overlapping their respective areas.
Alastair is a local man, having grown up in the Norwood area. He now lives in West Wickham. He is married with two daughters aged 10 and 12. His interests include music and gardening and mastering the intricacies of the digital camera. He would welcome meeting any residents with concern over crime and can be contacted on tel. 020 8284 7364.
Earlier this year we commented upon the success that local bee-keepers were having with their hives in various parts of Dulwich. This success has been carried further and Dulwich Honey is being sold at Panino D'Oro Delicatessen in the Village. Apiarist, Stephen Furst of Dulwich Village is the supplier and he is donating the proceeds to charity. An ideal Christmas present?
In the last issue of the Newsletter we highlighted the role, played by John Beasley of the Peckham Society in successfully organising opposition to the development of neglected playing fields leased by Dulwich Hamlet FC in Green Dale into a Homebase site. As a consequence John has been expelled from the club's Supporters' Trust. He commented, "I am not upset by the expulsion but it saddens me that there are fans that are blinkered. I joined the Trust as a tangible way to show support for Dulwich Hamlet Football Club."
From time to time, the Society receives enquiries on historical matters connected with Dulwich. Usually, the Local History Committee can supply the answers. This time however, the wider membership is invited to participate! For good measure, three enquiries have been received. We should be delighted if any reader can answer these queries. Solutions to the Editor please.
Terry Humphrey from Wandsworth writes to say that he has seen two wooden bowls, said to be 400 years old, in an antique shop. They were presented by S.W.Fells Esq., to the Grove (Dulwich) Bowling Club on 4 May 1927. According to the inscription, they were found on the site of Christ' Hospital School, Newgate Street, in the City of London.
Christ's Hospital School moved to Horsham in 1902 and an extension to the General Post Office was built on the site between 1905 and 1911, so the wooden bowls were probably found some twenty years before being given to the club. Any information on Mr Fells or The Grove Bowling Club will be gratefully received and passed to Terry Humphrey.
Tom Ruffles, who grew up in Court Lane, now lives in Cambridge. Tom has been awarded a British Academy grant to research the life of film pioneer George Albert Smith. Smith became well known in the 1890's, after he moved to Brighton, but Tom is interested in tracing the connections between his film work and his earlier involvement with the Society for Psychical Research. In 1886 Smith was living at 2 Elms Road (later renamed Gilkes Place and renumbered). He may only have lived at that address briefly because in 1891/2 he was living at 2 Howlettes Road, having spent several years in Kent in between. He worked as a stage hypnotist and magic lantern projectionist and in July 1903 he made a film in Dulwich titled '52 Dancers dressed as Playing Cards'. Smith also filmed regularly at the Crystal Palace.
Tom Ruffles is keen to find out more about Smith's time in Dulwich and if he got involved in local activities.
The Rev. John Key, who retired as Minister of Dulwich Grove in three years ago and is the author of The Dulwich Grove Story - Part Two is fascinated by the unusual design of the cross on the spire of his former church. He says that he has never seen such a design of this cross before and asks if anyone can identify the style.
The rights and powers of the Managers under the Scheme are conferred for the purposes of enabling them to preserve the amenities of the Estate for the common benefit. The Managers therefore welcome any measures by the Council which will assist in meeting this. In addition, designating parts of the Estate as Conservation Areas reduces the likelihood of applications for building works, which may have received planning permission from the Council, being rejected under the Scheme of Management. Recently the Managers have been pleased to encourage and approve new buildings of architectural merit, for which Southwark Council has granted planning permission. Extending the boundaries of the Conservation Area
The Dulwich Estate covers some 1500 acres of land, situated in three boroughs, Southwark, Lambeth and Lewisham. Although it is unlikely that the Councils would consider all properties within the Estate's boundaries to be of such architectural and historic merit as to warrant conservation status, the Scheme of Management already applies to the whole of this area. Thus, the Managers are obliged to preserve, for the Estate as a whole, the amenity for the common benefit by seeking to maintain the character and appearance of individual properties, streets of properties, monuments, open space and woodland
The distinction must be made between the Estate in its role as Managers of the Scheme and its primary function, as a Charity endowed with property. As a Charity it is the duty of the Trustees to manage the assets in the best interest of the Beneficiaries.
Occasionally, there may be instances whereby this duty appears to conflict with the Scheme of Management and the situation apparently cited by Cllr. Pearce, regarding the Woodyard is such a case. The Estate was not the developer, it sold the site and it was the developer who originally wanted to build a number of small houses but the Council refused planning permission.
The Estate is not usually a developer and when sites are sold for development, these are of course subject to planning permission and generally, the Scheme of Management. In addition, although the Estate's own properties fall outside the Scheme, when carrying out works to these which may have an impact on the amenity of neighbours, the Estate goes through a similar consultation process of informing the relevant freeholders of its proposals (see below).
As regards the apparent lack of consultation and transparency under the Scheme of Management, this is an accusation often made and based, we believe, on ignorance of the operation of the Scheme:
When an application under the Scheme would have an impact on the common amenity or amenities of the immediate neighbours, the Managers write to those residents, advising them of the proposals and inviting comment (within 21 days).
If the proposals comply with the Policy Guidelines (as issued from time to time by the Managers) and barring adverse comments from third parties, the works will be licensed without further reference.
Works, which do not comply with the Guidelines and those proposals to which objections have been received, are put to the Scheme of Management, which meets monthly. The Committee will have regard to representations received from neighbouring properties, the Dulwich Society and other third parties, in considering the application. If the Committee approves the proposals, a licence is then issued.
If an application is refused, the applicant is always informed of the reason in writing. Generally, wherever possible, applicants will be invited to submit revised proposals after consultation with the Scheme's consultant architect or tree consultant. Where an applicant wishes to challenge the decision of the Scheme, there is an arbitration process.
The Managers do not automatically inform objectors of the decision of the Committee but it does encourage such individuals to telephone the office for information should they wish to know the outcome. The reason that the Scheme Managers do not advise the objectors of this in writing is cost.
It is also worth noting that under the provision of the Scheme there is an Advisory Committee. This body (which comprises an equal number of Trustees from The Dulwich Estate and representatives of the amenity societies) meets three times a year, in addition to receiving details of all applications made for works to properties. Residents of Dulwich are encouraged to join the amenity societies since one of the benefits is to be able to make collective representation to the Estate over any issues of concern.
Chief Executive, The Dulwich Estate
Tuesday 2nd 10.30-11.30am - the Victorian Lecture Series - Late Turner and the Early Victorians Nicholas Alfrey. The Dulwich Picture Gallery, Linbury Room.
Friday 5th Concert of Christmas Music, Carols and seasonal music Friends of the Dulwich Picture Gallery. £12, £10(Friends), Children Free. Christ's Chapel 7pm
Saturday 6th The Dulwich Society. 40th Anniversary Party. The Great Hall, Dulwich College at 7.30. Admission by ticket only
South London Chorus - Concert - Monteverdi's.Vespers. Conductor Sue Farrow. 7.30pm St John's Church, Auckland Road, SE 19. Tickets £12 (£10 concs) available on the door.
Thursday 11th Dulwich Decorative & Fine Arts Society. Lecture The Life and times of Jane Austen Andrew Davies. James Allen's Girls' School 8pm
Sunday 14th Children's Event - Science, Magic, Interactive demonstrations of weird and wonderful Heath Robinson machines Dulwich Picture Gallery, Linbury Room. £6 Adults, £5 children aged 6 and over (includes tea) 2pm and 3.30pm Linbury Room
Thursday - Saturday 18th, 19th,20th The Dulwich Players present Return to the Forbidden Planet - The rock, sci-fi musical. Edward Alleyn Theatre, Dulwich College at 8pm. Tickets from The Art Stationers, Dulwich Village.
Sunday 21st All Saints' Church, West Dulwich. All age Carol Service at 4pm
St Barnabas Christmas Carol Service at 6.30pm. Featuring English music prominently, including Britten's A Hymn to the Virgin, Vaughan Williams setting On Christmas Night and Holst's Lullay mine liking.
Tuesday 6th 10.30-11.30am - The Victorian Lecture Series - The Art of Victorian Advertising Brian Green. The Dulwich Picture Gallery, Linbury Room. Admission £6.
Thursday 8th Dulwich Decorative & Fine Arts Society Lecture - The Age of Silk; C18th fashion and the influence of the Huguenot silk weavers. Frances Musker. James Allen's Girls' School 8pm
Thursday 15th 12.30pm. Dulwich Picture Gallery Lunchtime Lecture, Napoleon and his British Admirers Christopher Woodward. Linbury Room, Collection
Sunday 18th Last day. Dulwich Picture Gallery Heath Robinson Exhibition
Tuesday 27th 10.30-11.30am - The Victorian Lecture Series - The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Valerie Woodgate. The Dulwich Picture Gallery, Linbury Room. Admission £6
Sunday 1st 4pm Friends of the Dulwich Picture Gallery. Lecture Residential Development in Edwardian Dulwich Ian McInnes. Linbury Room
February 4th- 18th April Crystal Palace at Sydenham Exhibition to commemorate the 150th Anniversary of The Crystal Palace. Dulwich Picture Gallery
Tuesday 3rd 10.30-11.30am - The Victorian Lecture Series - The Victorian Museum Giles bbbWaterfield. The Dulwich Picture Gallery, Linbury Room. Admission £6
Thursday 5th 12.30pm. Dulwich Picture Gallery Lunchtime Lecture.- Crystal Palace- Jan Piggot. Linbury Room. Collection
Thursday 12th Dulwich Decorative & Fine Arts Society Lecture - Newlyn 1914-50 David Evans. James Allen's Girls' School 8pm
Tuesday 17th The Victorian Lecture Series - Victorian Public Sculpture- Hilary Rosser. The Dulwich Picture Gallery, Linbury Room. 10.30-11.30am Admission £6
Thursday 19th Friday 20th Saturday 21st The Dulwich Players present The Mollusc an Edwardian comedy, at 8pm at The Edward Alleyn Theatre, Dulwich College. Tickets from The Art Stationers, Dulwich Village.
Tuesday 24th The Victorian Lecture Series - Interior Design and the Aesthetic Movement Diana Lloyd 10.30-11.30am. Dulwich Picture Gallery, Linbury Room. Admission £6
Thursday 26th 12.30pm. Dulwich Picture Gallery Lunchtime Lecture- How to rebuild the Crystal Palace John Greatrex. Linbury Room. Collection.